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Among the most architectural plants, agaves feature bold succulent leaves that set the tone for wherever they're planted. They're incredibly heat- and drought-tolerant and most are long-lived. Many varieties bear sharp spines along leave margins and at the leaf tip, which adds to their dramatic presentation. The bluish-green rosettes naturally spread by producing offsets at the base of the plant. It is an excellent choice for sunny, hot, dry areas, especially desert regions, with good drainage.
Part Sun, Sun
From 1 to 20 feet
1-10 feet wide
how to grow Agave
more varieties for Agave
Agave americana 'Marginata'
Agave americana 'Marginata' is also called century plant because it blooms infrequently. After the mother plant blooms, it dies, but offsets continue to grow. It is a large plant, reaching up to 6 feet tall. Zones 10-11
Agave attenuata is a common landscape plant in warm, dry climates. This agave develops thick trunks topped with spike-free gray-green leaves. It grows 3-6 feet tall and wide. Zones 9-11
Agave celsii is a clump former with blue-green leaves that gracefully curve upward. Variegated forms such as 'Multicolor' and 'Tricolor' are quite showy, with white-striped foliage and brown spines on leaf edges. Zones 8-10
Agave guiengola produces broad, fleshy whitish-green leaves that can grow 2 feet long. The plant is much wider than it is tall, reaching 6 feet across and just 4 feet in height. Zones 9-11
Agave parryi bears broad, spiny, blue-green leaves and forms a compact rosette that grows 20 inches tall and spreads up to 3 feet wide. Zones 6-10
Agave victoriae-reginae features blunt, triangular leaves marked with white stripes. This easy-care plant is also grown as a houseplant. Zones 10-11
Agave salmiana 'Belleville' makes a bold statement in the garden. The foliage is slightly wavy and bright green. It can grow 3 feet tall. Zones 9-11
'Cameron White' butterfly agave
Agave potatorum 'Cameron White' shows off wide evergreen spiny leaves to 3 feet wide. It grows 2 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Zone 10
'Crazy Horse' agave
Agave salmiana 'Crazy Horse' has wide and flat, blue-green leaves that have serrated edges. It can grow 3 feet tall and 5 feet wide. Zones 9-11
Agave attenuata variegata offers colorful variegated foliage with leaves boldly patterned in yellow. It's slower growing than the plain-green form and can reach 4 feet tall and wide. Zones 9-11
Agave havardiana is one of the largest and hardiest agaves. It grows about 3 feet tall and wide and has a neat clumping form. Zones 5-10
'Joe Hoak' agave
Agave desmetiana 'Joe Hoak' is prized for its gray-green foliage brushed with cream. It grows 2 feet tall, making it a great choice for growing in containers. Zones 9-11
'Kisso Kan' agave
Agave 'Kissho Kan' is a handsome variety from Japanese that's very compact and excellent for growing in containers. It has blue-green leaves with cream edges and dark brown spines. It grows 12 inches tall and wide. Zones 9-11
Agave vilmorinaria bears thick evergreen leaves to 3 feet long that have a distinctive curly look. It grows 4 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 9-10
Agave lophantha 'Quadricolor' develops spectacular foliage with stripes of white, dark green, light green, and yellow. An excellent container plant, it grows 18 inches tall. Zones 9-11
'Shiro ito no Ohi' agave
Agave schidigera 'Shiro ito no Ohi' is a beautiful plant that looks great in containers. It has dark green leaves edged in white and featuring curly white hairs. It can grow 12 inches tall. Zones 8-11
Agave 'Tradewinds' is a close relative of 'Kissho Kan' and looks similar with gray-green leaves striped in cream. It's a great container plant. Zones 9-11
plant Agave with
Lavender fills the early-summer garden with sensory delights: beautiful purple-tone blooms atop foliage that oozes fragrance on a sunny afternoon. Every part of the plant is infused with aromatic oil, making this a choice herb to place along pathways or near outdoor seating areas so you can savor the fragrance. Lavender varieties abound: The darker the flower, the more intense the aroma -- and the flavor in cooking.Drought-, heat-, and wind-tolerant, lavender doesn't like poor drainage, waterlogged soil, or high humidity. Raised beds can enhance drainage; surrounding plants with a gravel mulch can help increase heat around roots. After flowering, shear plants to induce bushiness and subsequent bloom. Avoid cutting plants back to the ground. Dried blooms retain fragrance for a long time; crush dried flowers to release aromatic oils anew.
A yucca in bloom is a showstopper. It produces imposing spires of large, bird-attracting white flowers in summer and fall. The evergreen rosettes of stiff, sharply pointed leaves, often variegated with cream or white, are striking. Use them to punctuate the end of a walkway, mass them as a barrier, or plant them as accents throughout the border. Be careful not to site them away from paths or other places people could be scratched by their sharp leaves. Free-draining soil and sun is all yuccas require.This plant is also sometimes called Hesperoyucca.
This North American native plant has a home in nearly every garden with flowers that hummingbirds love. Long blooming with brilliantly colored, tubular flowers, penstemons -- ironically -- have been a staple in European gardens for decades.There are many different penstemon types. The leaves are lance-shape or oval, sometimes purple-red as in 'Husker Red'. Some Western species need outstanding drainage to dry conditions and won't thrive during wet weather. However, many, such as 'Husker Red', thrive in a wide variety of conditions. Just be sure to provide excellent drainage. Mulch in areas where a type is marginally hardy.