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Most philodendrons are vines that clamber in trees in their native tropical habitat, thus the common name, which translates as "tree-lover." Most form aerial roots, which in the wild help them climb trees, and in your home can be put to use to help them climb a plant pole. They grow well in most indoor light conditions at normal room temperature or slightly warmer. Allow the soil surface to dry to the touch between waterings.
how to grow Philodendron
more varieties for Philodendron
(Philodendron 'Brasil') is a hybrid that looks a bit like a cross between heart-leaf philodendron and pothos. Its leaves have a variable broad central band of chartreuse.
Elephant ear philodendron
(Philodendron domesticum) has glossy green spade-shape leaves up to 2 feet long. It is also called spade leaf philodendron (Philodendron hastatum).
(Philodendron bipennifolium) has violin-shape leaves to 10 inches long. It is a vine that will climb a support pole if given the chance. It is also known as panda plant (Philodendron panduriforme).
(Philodendron hederaceum oxycardium) is a durable vining houseplant with slender stems and heart-shape leaves. It grows well in hanging baskets, trained to a moss pole, or draping over the edge of a shelf.
(Philodendron erubescens) has reddish purple stems and large coppery red leaves.
(Philodendron bipinnatifidum), also called lacy tree philodendron (Philodendron selloum), has large, deeply lobed leaves that arise from a central stem. It can spread to 6 feet wide and 8 feet tall.
Philodendron bipinnatifidum is also called split-leaf philodendron. This tropical plant has a semi-upright habit and grows 10 feet tall and wide in warm regions. Grow it as a houseplant and enjoy its glossy leaves and vertical habit.
(Philodendron hederaceum hederaceum) at first glance looks like heart-leaf philodendron, except its leaves are covered with fine velvety hairs, and the new growth is bronze.
(Philodendron 'Xanadu') is a hybrid that grows 3 feet tall and wide. It prefers bright light, and does not form aerial roots like other philodendrons.