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Basil

Ocimum basilicum

Basil dishes up classic Italian flavor in eye-catching bushy plants suitable for garden beds or containers. Grow this tasty beauty in a sunny spot, and you'll reap rewards of flavorful foliage in shades of green, purple, or bronze. Basil lends a distinctive taste to salads, pizza, and pasta dishes. Use small leaves whole; chop larger leaves. Add leaves to dishes just before serving for greatest taste and aroma. Basil plants are exceedingly sensitive to cold; start seeds indoors or sow outside after all danger of frost has passed.

Light:

Part Sun, Sun

Type:

Height:

1 to 3 feet

Width:

1-3 feet wide

Flower Color:

Seasonal Features:

Problem Solvers:


how to grow Basil

more varieties for Basil
'Boxwood' basil

'Boxwood' basil

Ocimum basilicum 'Boxwood' is a hard-working variety that grows only 6 to 12 inches tall, but is big on flavor and makes an excellent edging plant in a bed near your kitchen door. Or try growing it in pots and window boxes.

'Cinnamon' basil

'Cinnamon' basil

Ocimum basilicum 'Cinnamon' is grown specifically for its tasty, cinnamon-flavor leaves. It grows 18 inches tall and wide and thrives in hot, sunny locations.

'Genovese' basil

'Genovese' basil

Ocimum 'Genovese' is perfect for fans of fresh pesto. This large-leaf Italian basil yields plentiful foliage packed with aromatic oils, ideal for true Neapolitan-style cooking. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

'Greek Column' basil

'Greek Column' basil

Ocimum x citriodorum 'Greek Column' is a tall, narrow variety that bears lemon-scented leaves. It grows 36 inches tall and 10 inches wide.

Lemon basil

Lemon basil

Ocimum x citriodorum is a summer treat; there's nothing as refreshing a sprig of lemon basil. This easy-to-grow herb produces leaves with a light lemony fragrance and flavor. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

'Magical Michael' basil

'Magical Michael' basil

Ocimum basilicum 'Magical Michael' has a compact, well-branched growing habit, making it ideal for container culture. An All-America Selections winner, it's prized for its bold white and purple flowers. It grows 15 inches tall and 12 inches wide.

'Napolitano' basil

'Napolitano' basil

Ocimum basilicum 'Napolitano' (also called Italian large-leaf basil) is one of the best varieties for pesto. The large, fragrant leaves can be harvested all summer long. It's a productive variety that grows 2 feet tall and 18 inches wide.

'Osmin' basil

'Osmin' basil

Ocimum 'Osmin' offers glossy, deep purple leaves that give off a sweet, fruity aroma that lends pungent color to culinary creations. Tidy plants grow 18 inches tall and 12 inches wide and thrive in pots.

'Pesto Perpetua' basil

'Pesto Perpetua' basil

Ocimum x citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetua' is a fragrant variety that produces bright green leaves edged in cream. It grows 36 to 48 inches tall and 12 inches wide.

'Purple Ruffles' basil

'Purple Ruffles' basil

Ocimum basilicum 'Purple Ruffles' is an award-winning selection that has eye-catching wavy, purple leaves. It is a tough annual that works well in pesto, salads, or garnishes. It grows 24 inches tall and 16 inches wide.

'Red Rubin' basil

'Red Rubin' basil

Ocimum 'Red Rubin' dresses up garden-fresh dishes with purple-toned leaves. This basil grows about 2 feet tall and 14 inches wide, making it ideal for containers or garden beds.

'Siam Queen' basil

'Siam Queen' basil

Ocimum 'Siam Queen' is beautiful and bushy, soaring to 3 feet tall. Pick leaves or purple flowers to infuse stir-fry, oils, or salad with traditional Thai flavors.

'Spicy Bush' basil

'Spicy Bush' basil

Ocimum 'Spicy Bush' is a compact variety (12 inches tall and wide) with tiny leaves, making it an ideal plant for edging gardens or growing in containers.

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