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Tulip, species

Tulipa

If you want long-lived tulips, pick the species types. These include wild varieties and selections developed from those species. Most are smaller in stature and bloom size than hybrid tulips. Because they are variants of wildflowers, species tulips are usually long-lived, hardy, and withstand stormy spring weather conditions. Many multiply and spread from year to year.

Species tulips are especially suited for growing in rock gardens or tucked into beds and borders. Many open only in sunny conditions, keeping their blooms closed on cloudy days or in the evening.

Pictured above: Batalinii tulip Red Hunter

Light:

Part Sun, Sun

Type:

Height:

Under 6 inches to 8 feet

Width:

To 6 inches wide

Flower Color:

Foliage Color:

Seasonal Features:

Problem Solvers:

Zones:

3-8


how to grow Tulip, species

top varieties for Tulip, species
Tulip, single early hybrids

Single early tulips are available in nearly every color of the rainbow, including white, red, orange, yellow, and purple. Pastel colors of pink, peach, apricot, and cream are also available. Generally, the flowers are borne on short, strong stems, which means they can tolerate wind and rain better than some types of tulips. Those with the shortest stems may not work well as cut flowers, but those in the taller range make fine bouquets. Some varieties are fragrant, too.Use single early tulips in flowerbeds, borders, container gardens, rock gardens, or for indoor forcing. Because they bloom early, they generally need less chilling to force them into bloom than later-blooming types.Shown above: Purple Prince tulip

Tulip, Darwin hybrids

Among the tallest of all tulips, Darwin Hybrids offer big, showy flowers that stand out in spring gardens. Blooms can reach 6 inches in diameter when fully open! They bloom in almost every color, including bicolors with striping, speckling, and edging. Their long stems make them great cut flowers, but that also means they need to be protected from wind so strong breezes don't snap the flowers off the stems.Pictured above: Ad Rem tulip

Tulip, single late hybrids

Single late tulips are also sometimes called May flowering tulips because in most regions they bloom in May after all other types of tulips have finished. These tall tulips grow up to 30 inches tall, making them excellent as cut flowers. They come in a wide range of colors, including red, yellow, orange, pink, purple, black, and white as well as bicolors and blends.Pictured above: Dreamland tulip

Tulip, parrot hybrids

Parrot tulips are flamboyant with their curly, twisted, and fringed petals that resemble the colorful feathers of the tropical bird of the same name. However, their beak-shape buds are what earned them their moniker. Nearly all varieties of parrot tulip are vibrantly colored, and many are two-toned.Parrot tulips bloom mid- to late season on stems ranging from 12 to 28 inches tall. Their huge blooms do not stand up well in windstorms or rain, so plant them in a sheltered location.Pictured above: Flaming Parrot

Tulip, lily-flowering hybrids

Lily-flowered tulips are named for the shape of their blooms, which resemble old species tulips from Turkey. Their long, pointed petals arch outward and, when fully open, look like a six-point star. They come in a wide array of colors including purple, pink, white, orange, red, yellow, peach, and combinations of these shades. Most varieties bloom late in the spring season.Stems of lily-flowered tulips grow 1-2 feet tall. They are not as sturdy as some other tulip types, so plant them in a location protected from strong winds.Pictured above: Ballade tulip

Tulip, greigii hybrids

Greigii tulips are also known as Greig's tulips and Turkestan tulips, a reference to the geographic origin of the species from which these hybrids derive. They are shorter than most tulips, averaging about 10 inches tall. Flowers appear in midspring. Most varieties are bright shades of red, yellow, pink, white, or bicolor combinations of these hues. The foliage tends to be mottled in purple, creating additional texture in the garden.Because greigii tulips are short, they're perfect for the front of the border, rock gardens, or container plantings. They naturalize well.Pictured above: Rob Verlinden tulip

Tulip, fringed hybrids

Fringed tulips got their name from the distinct frayed edge on their petals. This fringe may be the same color as the rest of the petal or it may contrast. The fringe makes the flowers appear full of substance.The frayed edging comes from mutations in tulips of various categories, so the blooming time and heights vary. Most bloom in mid to late season and can reach 30 inches tall. Flower colors come in the same range as other tulips -- red, orange, yellow, pink, purple, and black.Pictured above: Hamilton tulip

Tulip, fosteriana hybrids

Fosteriana tulips bloom early in the spring with large cup-shape flowers. The large bloom size has earned them the alternate name of Emperor tulips. The flowers may be red, orange, yellow, pink, or white, and some varieties are fragrant. Foliage may be glossy green or gray-green. Some are mottled or striped with maroon.Use Fosteriana tulips in mass plantings, beds and borders, or containers. They naturalize well.Pictured above: Orange Emporer tulip

Tulip, truimph hybrids

A result of crossing early and late single tulips, Triumph tulip varieties come in almost every imaginable color and make up the largest grouping of tulip types. As a group, they flower in early midseason and grow between 10-20 inches tall.Triumph tulips make good cut flowers and work well for forcing into bloom indoors. They retain the classic cuplike shape of their single tulip parents.Pictured above: Passionale tulip

Tulip, waterlily hybrids

Waterlily tulips are early-spring bloomers that get their common name from their resemblance to the blooms of waterlilies when their flowers are fully open. Also listed as Kaufmanniana tulips, the stems are quite short and sturdy, reaching only 4-10 inches tall. This characteristic makes them ideal for exposed sites or container gardens.The foliage of waterlily tulips is either blue-green or mottled with deep maroon or brownish stripes. Plants perennialize well.Shown above: Heart's Delight tulip

Tulip, viridiflora hybrids

Viridiflora tulips all have green streaks on their petals. In fact, the name comes from the Latin words for green and flower. However, green is far from the only color on their blooms. They are available in shades of yellow, white, pink, red, orange, purple, or dual tones.Flowering time of viridiflora tulips is variable, but most are late-season bloomers, and the flowers are long-lasting. Stem heights range from 16 to 24 inches tall.Pictured above: Flaming Springgreen tulip


more varieties for Tulip, species
Fusilier tulip

Fusilier tulip

(Tulipa praestans 'Fusilier') produces a cluster of reddish orange flowers with yellow throats that forms a small bouquet on the plant. This early-blooming cultivar grows to 10 inches tall. Zones 3-8

Henry Hudson tulip

Henry Hudson tulip

(Tulipa vvedenskyi 'Henry Hudson') is new for 2009. This orange-red variety is an early to midspring bloomer on stems 6-10 inches tall. The blue-green leaves have crimped, wavy edges. It makes a great addition to patio planters or as a focal point in the front of a border. Zones 3-8

Honky Tonk tulip

Honky Tonk tulip

(Tulipa clusiana 'Honky Tonk') is sometimes called lady tulip or candlestick tulip. It's a low-growing variety, reaching only 8 inches tall. Its blooms are all yellow on the inside, but blushed with peach on the outer petals. Zones 3-8

Lady Jane tulip

Lady Jane tulip

(Tulipa clusiana 'Lady Jane') has attractive red-and-white striped petals on blue-gray foliage that combines particularly well with silver foliage plants. It blooms in midspring on stems 810 inches tall. Zones 3-8

Lilac Wonder tulip

Lilac Wonder tulip

(Tulipa bakeri 'Lilac Wonder') has small lilac-pink blooms that reveal glowing gold centers as they unfurl in midspring. It grows 6-8 inches tall. Zones 3-8

Lilliput tulip

Lilliput tulip

(Tulipa humilis 'Lilliput') is an early-blooming variety with cardinal-red blooms and a violet base ringed in gold. The 4- to 6-inch tall flower stems often bear 3-4 blooms each. Foliage may be edged in red. It is native to Kurdistan. Zones 3-8

Peppermint Stick tulip

Peppermint Stick tulip

(Tulipa clusiana 'Peppermint Stick') is aptly named with its candy cane red-and-white striped, elongated blooms. Also known as lady tulip or candlestick tulip, it blooms in early midseason on stems 8-10 inches tall. It is a good naturalizer for rock gardens. Zones 3-8

Persian Pearl tulip

Persian Pearl tulip

(Tulipa pulchella 'Persian Pearl') features dark red-violet flowers that open into star shapes around vibrant yellow centers. It blooms in early to midspring and grows 4-6 inches tall. Zones 4-8

Red Hunter tulip

Red Hunter tulip

(Tulipa batalinii 'Red Hunter') is intensely colored with rich tomato-red blooms that rise just above its blue-green foliage. It grows 10 inches tall. The species is native to Uzbekistan. Zones 3-8

Taco tulip

Taco tulip

(Tulipa clusiana 'Taco') offers red and yellow flowers that light up the front of borders in mid-spring. It grows 8 to 10 inches tall. Zones 3-8

Tubergen's Gem tulip

Tubergen's Gem tulip

(Tulipa clusiana 'Tubergen's Gem') bears scarlet buds that open to reveal eye-catching golden blooms. The effect is like flares burning in the garden. The plant grows 12 inches tall. Zones 3-8

Tulipa kolpakowskiana

Tulipa kolpakowskiana

(Tulipa kolpakowskiana) has yellow flower goblets streaked in crimson that appear in clusters of two or more above a crown of narrow, scalloped leaves. It grows 8 inches tall. Zones 3-8

Tulipa linifolia

Tulipa linifolia

(Tulipa linifolia) bears satiny red petals that open wide, resembling poppies with their black centers. The leaves have a thin red edge, adding to the beauty. It grows 1 foot tall. Zones 3-8

Tulipa tarda

Tulipa tarda

(Tulipa tarda) is a wild tulip native to central Asia. It unfolds starry pale yellow flowers with golden centers in midspring. It requires dry summer conditions to ripen and flourish and grows 1 foot tall. Zones 3-8

Tulipa turkestanica

Tulipa turkestanica

(Tulipa turkestanica) bears six-petaled white stars with golden-orange centers that open above narrow leaves in early to midspring. This wild tulip grows 12 inches tall. Zones 3-8

Unicum tulip

Unicum tulip

(Tulipa praestans 'Unicum') bears scarlet flowers that glow like cheery valentines above neat clusters of white-margined foliage. It grows 1 foot tall. Zones 3-8

Violacea tulip

Violacea tulip

(Tulipa humilis 'Violacea') is a naturally occurring color variant of the species from Kurdistan. It is also know as the crocus tulip for its resemblance to that popular spring flower. Violacea has magenta blooms with a black base inside. Red-edged foliage lies nearly flat on the ground, and flower stalks rise 4-6 inches tall. Zones 3-8

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