Continual Harvest: Succession Planting in the South
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Summer is just around the bend, and in a few short weeks you'll be giving away fresh produce. Baskets of tomatoes, mature heads of lettuce, armloads of carrots, and so much corn you can't eat it fast enough!
It doesn't have to be overwhelming -- with a little planning, you can eat fresh, nutritious, and tasty veggies for nearly 10 months of the year. Succession planting is about making the most out of a small space and having a constant harvest.
For a better understanding of succession planting, we spoke with "Farmer John" Fendley of Sustainable Seed Company, a California-based heirloom seed company with one of the largest selections of heirloom seeds in the country. They boast more than 1,600 different varieties of veggies, herbs, and flowers.
Fendley recommends that before you do any planting, make a list of the things you like to eat. Next, figure out how many days to maturity for each vegetable (how long from seeds or transplants to harvest). Then cut the days in half or a third to know when to plant another row to assure you'll have two or three harvests where you used to get only one. Fendley says it's helpful to put the dates on your calendar to help you remember when to plant again.
"Knowing what and when you'll harvest is part of the overall plan. Is it a crop you can plant three or four times over the course of the season (lettuces, carrots, radishes), a one-time harvest (broccoli or cauliflower), or a longer harvest (squash or tomatoes)? If you can reseed again before danger of hard frost, you want to be reseeding another row when that crop is halfway to maturity."
Fendley says the key is replanting. "It's so simple, but many gardeners don't do it. For example, every 10 to 14 days you can seed radishes, plant a few seeds at a time not the whole packet, and you'll have crisp radishes continually from spring to late fall instead of leaving them in the ground to get tough and woody.
Good Candidates for Reseeding:
Leafy greens like lettuces, spinach, and kale in the spring to early summer, then again in fall after the hot weather has passed
Carrots, beets, and beans every few weeks all summer
Summer squash, tomatoes, and peas will produce a continual harvest if picked often.
Winter squash, broccoli, and cabbage are one-time harvests, so choose varieties that are short, mid- and long-maturing
Finally, Fendley says don't forget to interplant crops. When your last row of lettuce is harvested in late June, use that space for another crop, such as onions, that way the soil is continually being improved and you make the most of your limited space. Plus, you get the diversity in your garden that encourages native insects and discourages pests.
Visit Sustainable Seed Company's website for more ideas on what vegetables to grow for a continual harvest.