Keep feeders filled once birds start visiting them. Hang several different feeders to attract the greatest variety of birds. Stock each feeder to draw specific species.
Niger (thistle) and black oil sunflower seed draw seed-eating birds, like goldfinches, pine siskins, and grosbeaks.
Hang suet for insect-eaters, like woodpeckers and nuthatches.
Spray plants with a deer repellent to keep browsing to a minimum. You can also physically block deer from reaching plants by erecting hardware cloth barriers around young plants or wrapping plants with bird netting.
Test Garden Tip: Birds need fresh water in winter. Add a birdbath heater, or purchase a heated birdbath. If you have a water garden, keep water open with a stock tank heater or stone bubbler.
Continued on page 3: Protect Landscape Plants