Blue Perennials and Blue Hues in the Garden

When plotting a garden of this coveted color, consider some of our favorite blue perennials and other blue flowers.


Pulmonaria

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Pulmonarias or lungworts are a blue perennial that do best growing in shade and rich, well-drained soil that is kept moist. Foliage is marbled, mottled, or dappled with spots in white or silver. This woodland garden includes two blue perennials lungworts: Pulmonaria Glacier and Pulmonaria Benediction. The accompanying white flower is Symphytum x uplandicum variegatum, a hybrid comfrey.

The dark, velvety leaves of Pulmonaria angustifolia hug the ground. The white spires of Tiarella Wherryi squirt above the lungwort's bright blue flowers.

Pulmonaria "Benediction" has large leafy clumps of dark green foliage with widely spaced silver spotting and spring flowers of dark blue.

Anemone blanda

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Commonly known as Grecian Windflowers, garden varieties of the blue perennial Anemone blanda bloom in sky blue and dark blue. Plant tubers in groups of two dozen or more under trees and shrubs for drifts of intense color.

Primrose

Primula vulgaris Eugenie, like other double-flowered primroses, is a long bloomer. Primrose varieties like light shade, fertile soil, and moist conditions. Japanese primrose (Primula japonica) also is available with purple and magenta blossoms.

Omphalodes cappadocica 'Starry Eyes'

Omphalodes cappadocica is a demure species that clumps rather than creeps. Its blue flowers range from soft mauve to deep blue. A relatively new perennial, it blooms in spring. Here, the tiny bicolored blooms teeter above Lamiastrum Galeobdolon 'Herman's Pride' and Tricyrtis hirta x formosana.

Wood Hyacinth

This bulb plant grows in vaselike clusters of narrow, glossy leaves. The bell-shape blue flowers bloom in late spring on sturdy spikes. Wood hyacinths can be planted in half sun or full shade.

Soldanella montana

A low-growing herbaceous species, Soldanella montana is quite at home in the woodland garden. Its nodding indigo-blue cups, their petals frilled, rise above glossy mats of foliage.

Design Tips for Blue Perennials and Blue Flowers

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  • Colors from red through blue on the color wheel work well together. These harmonizing colors include red, red violet, violet, blue violet, and blue and all their tint variations, from intense to pastel.
  • Accent a blue garden with yellow, red, pinks, and white.
  • Plant at least two-thirds of the garden with flowers of the blue theme color. The remaining one-third of your garden can be accent colors in soft pastels.
  • If you plant blue perennials or blue flowers of an intense color as an accent, you will need only a few blossoms here and there to relieve the sameness of your blue garden.

Get more tips from the color wheel.
See more blue flowering plants for your garden.

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