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Common Knitting and Crochet Abbreviations

Use this list to decipher codes used in project instructions.

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Knitting Abbreviations

  • * : repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed
  • [ ] = work instructions within brackets as many times as directed
  • ( ) = work directions in parentheses as many times as directed
  • approx: approximately
  • beg: begin(ning)
  • bet: between
  • CC: contrasting color
  • cn: cable needle
  • cont: continue
  • dec: decrease(s)(ing)
  • dpn(s): double-pointed needle(s)
  • est: established
  • foll: follow(s)(ing)
  • FP: front post
  • inc: increase(s)(ing)
  • k or K: knit
  • kwise: knitwise
  • k2tog: knit 2 stitches together (right-slanting decrease when right side facing)
  • lp(s): loop(s)
  • M1: make one -- an increase
  • MC: main color
  • p: purl
  • pat: pattern
  • pm: place marker
  • psso: pass the slipped stitch over
  • pwise: purlwise
  • p2sso: pass 2 slipped stitches over
  • p2tog: purl 2 stitches together (right-slanting decrease when right side facing)
  • rem: remain(s)(ing)
  • rep: repeat(s)(ing)
  • rev: reverse
  • RIB: ribbing
  • rnd(s): round(s)
  • RS: right side of work
  • skp: slip, knit, pass over
  • sl: slip
  • sm: slip marker
  • ssk: (slip, slip, knit) slip 2 stitches, one at a time knitwise, insert left-hand needle and knit 2 together (left-slanting decrease when right side facing)
  • ssp: (slip, slip, purl) slip 2 stitches, one at a time knitwise, pass back to left-hand needle, purl together through back loops (left-slanting decrease when right side facing)
  • st(s): stitch(es)
  • St st: stockinette stitch (knit all RS rows and purl all WS rows)
  • tbl: through the back loops
  • tog: together
  • WS: wrong side of work
  • wyib: with yarn in back
  • wyif: with yarn in front
  • yb: yarn back
  • yf: yarn forward
  • yo: yarn over
  • yon: yarn over needle
  • yrn: yard around needle
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Crochet Abbreviations

  • beg: begin(ning)
  • ch: chain
  • dc: double crochet
  • dec: decrease
  • est: established
  • hdc half double crochet
  • inc: increase
  • lp(s): loop(s)
  • rep: repeat
  • rev sc: reverse single crochet
  • rnd: round
  • RS: right side
  • sc: single crochet
  • sl st: slip stitch
  • sp(s): space(s)
  • st(s): stitch(es)
  • tog: together
  • tr: treble crochet
  • WS: wrong side
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