Long Tail Cast-On
Estimate a yarn tail length that is three times the length of what the cast-on edge will be.
Make a slip knot this distance from the yarn end and place it on the right-hand needle.
STEP 3Step 3
Moving in an upward direction, insert the needle under the yarn on the thumb and into the loop that's formed around the thumb. Take the needle over the top of the yarn in front of the index finger and guide it down into the thumb loop -- the strand of yarn from the index finger easily moves along with the needle. Pull the strand through the thumb loop, making a new loop on the right-hand needle.
Knit Two Together (k2tog) -- decreased stitch slants to the right
Working from left to right at the point of the decrease, insert the tip of the right needle into the second and then the first stitch on the left needle; knit the two stitches together.
Purl Two Together (p2tog) -- decreased stitch slants to the right
Working from left to right at the point of the decrease, insert the tip of the right needle into the first two stitches on the left needle and purl the two stitches together.
Making a Pom-Pom
Wind yarn around a piece of cardboard or the palm of your hand loosely 100 times. Tie a 10-inch strand tightly around all the loops. Cut the yarn bundle opposite the tied end. Leaving the tails free, trim the pom-pom so that it is rounded and measures 1 to 2 inches in diameter. Tie onto piece with tails; trim tails.
Kitchener Stitch/Grafting Stockinette Stitches Together
Hold wrong sides together with the needles pointed to the right. Thread the yarn tail into a yarn needle. *Insert the yarn needle knitwise through the first stitch on the front needle and let the stitch drop from the needle.
Insert the yarn needle into the second stitch on the front needle purlwise and pull the yarn through, leaving the stitch on the needle.
Insert the yarn needle into the first stitch on the back needle purlwise and let it drop from the needle. Insert the yarn needle knitwise through the second stitch on the back needle and pull the yarn through, leaving the stitch on the needle. Repeat from * across until all stitches have been joined. Adjust the tension as necessary. Weave in loose ends.