Garlic has been grown for thousands of years for its culinary and medicinal properties. It is a common ingredient in Mediterranean and Asian cuisines. Hardneck garlic is the hardiest form. Varieties in this group form cloves around a woody stem that sends up a curly flower stalk. Softneck garlic forms cloves around a soft neck or stem, which braids easily.
Plant garlic in the fall around the time of the first frost, and mulch well over winter to produce the largest bulbs. Spring-planted bulbs will be smaller at harvest.
- Plant Type:
- Plant Height:
- 8-24 inches tall
- Plant Width:
- 2-6 inches wide
'New York White' is also called 'Polish White'. It's a hardy, disease-resistant variety for northern regions.
'Russian Red' is a hardneck type with purple stripes on its cloves. It is exceptionally winter hardy.
'Silver White' is a softneck type for warm climates. It produces easy-to-peel white bulbs.
'Spanish Roja' is a hardneck type with medium-hot flavor. The brown-skin cloves are excellent for roasting.
When about half of the garlic leaves turn yellow, withhold water and knock over the tops. Allow the garlic to cure in the garden for a week. Harvest the bulbs, remove any soil, and hang them in a cool, dry place for two weeks. Once tops are dry, trim them off 1/2 inch above the bulb (or braid softneck types) and trim the roots at the base of the bulb.