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Oak


Quercus selections

Oak

Rounded and densely leafed, the oak is the archetypal shade tree and a stately presence in British and American history. Both oak leaf and acorn motifs have often appeared in the decorative arts. Most oaks grow to considerable heights, requiring plenty of space to spread their branches. Toothed oak leaves are leathery and distinctive; fall color varies from a dull yellow brown to fiery red to gold. Many species feature showy bark, either deeply furrowed or scaled. Oaks such as the Northern red oak, Kellogg oak, and coast live oak are native to the U.S. A number of species also grow in Mexico. A moist, organic-amended soil in full sun encourages most oaks to grow quickly to their full potential. Some species are sensitive to alkaline soil.

Light:
Sun,Part Sun
Zones:
3-8
Plant Type:
Tree
Plant Height:
35-80 feet tall
Plant Width:
25-70 feet wide
Landscape Uses:
Beds & Borders,Privacy,Slopes
Special Features:
Attractive Foliage,Fall Color,Attracts Birds
Top Varieties

Quercus velutina is a North American native featuring quick growth, dark brown bark, and dark green leaves that turn reddish-brown in autumn. It grows 100 feet tall and 80 feet wide. Zones 5-8
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Quercus macrocarpa is among the most majestic of oaks. It's a strong, slow-growing tree native to areas of North America. It can reach 50 feet tall and 30 feet wide. Zones 3-9
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Quercus robur is rugged tree with furrowed bark and dark green leaves. It grows 120 feet tall and 80 feet wide. Zones 5-8
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Quercus rubra offers good fall color (in shades of yellow and red) and grows 80 feet tall and 70 feet wide. It's native to areas of North America. Zones 5-9
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Quercus palustris is another good pick for fall color with its green leaves that turn scarlet in fall. It's native to North America and grows 70 feet tall and 40 feet wide. Zones 4-8
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Quercus acutissima is an Asian oak that bears long, toothed leaves. It grows 70 feet tall and wide. Zones 6-9
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Quercus coccinea bears elliptical leaves that turn a fiery red in fall. Its scaly gray bark is attractive, too. It's native to areas of North America. Zones 5-9
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Quercus imbricaria has dark green leaves that turn yellowish-brown in autumn. Native to areas of North America, it grows 70 feet tall and 50 feet wide. Zones 5-8
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Quercus bicolor is a North American native tree that has dark green leaves with fuzzy white undersides. The leaves usually turn reddish in autumn. It appreciates moist soil and grows 70 feet tall and 50 feet wide. Zones 4-8
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Quercus alba is a large, slow-growing tree native to North America. It features bright green leaves that turn purple-brown in autumn. It grows 100 feet tall and wide. Zones 5-9
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Propagation
Seed
Stem Cuttings